Prototyping (storyboarding)

Purpose

The purpose of prototyping is to visualise an idea in a drawing or physical shape.  It is used as a boundary object for discussion for further detailing, development or presentation of a concept.  This representation gives a good groundwork for common understanding of a concept and ground for more ideation.   

 

1 Divide the participants in groups of 2 or 3. 4 Give the participants a minimum of 15 min to prototype. For physical prototyping give more time.
2 Assign or make the groups choose what concept to prototype. 5 Be observant on how the participants use the materials – do they need to go another route like sketching? storyboard? be observant.
3 Present materials accessible for the participants. Materials can include:

  • Legos
  • Modelling clay
  • Cardboard
  • Paper
  • Pens
  • Storyboard
  • Tape
  • Scissors etc.
6 Let the participants present their prototype (5 min per group).

Accomodate participants who are not able to:

If participants have focusing issues reduce the amount of choices of prototyping methods.

 

Pair up the participant so one participant can do the crafting and the participant who can not touch can guide and instruct.

 

Pair up the participant so one participant can do the crafting and the participant who can not touch can guide and instruct.

 

Reduce or extend the timeframe based on the participants cognitive abilities. And if it makes sense for the concept reduce the amount of complexity in the materials – Lego and modelling clay is for example easy for most to pick up and build with, with limited skills as cardboard is more complex but gives a lot of freedom according to size and detailing.  

Pair up the participant so one participant can do the crafting and the participant who cant move can guide and instruct. If only movement in legs are restricted make sure materials are within arms reach.

Pair up the participant so one is able to present the prototype. This can also be a translator.

 

Pair up with other participants who are able to communicate in sign or invite a translator to join the process.

 

Pair up the participant so one participant can do the crafting and the participant who cant see can guide and instruct and participate as much as possible.

P

Input

Basic ideas or descriptions for concepts  
O

Output

Prototypes
s

Complexity

Moderate-Complex

Time

15-80min

No. of participants

2-10

Activity required

- Communicating - Drawing - Crafting

Step by Step

Divide the participants in groups of 2 or 3.
Assign or make the groups choose what concept to prototype.
Present materials accessible for the participants. Materials can include:
Legos
Modelling clay
Cardboard
Paper
Pens
Storyboards
Tape
Scissors etc.
Give the participants a minimum of 15 min to prototype. For physical prototyping give more time.
Be observant on how the participants use the materials – do they need to go another route like sketching? storyboard? be observant.
Let the participants present their prototype (5 min per group).

1 Print the template to cut out and fold the voting box 5 Ask the participants to vote for e.g. their favorite or top three by writing the favorites/top threes number on their ballot (5 min).
2 Print and cut out the voting ballots 6  Ask the participants to put the ballots in the voting box (1 min).
3 Give each concept/idea/problem a number and sum up what the concepts are about to the participants (5 min, time depends on the amount of concepts). 7 Empty the box and count the votes (1 min).
4 Hand out as many votes as you want the participants to have. 8 Present the results to the participants (1min).

When doing this method you should consider

Do not include too many different ways of prototyping into one session as this can lead to decision fatigue.
Always have a physical and sketching option to accommodate different ways of working.
Choose the type of prototyping materials based on your participants – can they e.g. use a scissor?
Pair up the participants so a diverse point of view can be utilized

Materials needed

Lego

Modelling clay

Cardboard

Paper

Foamcore

Foam sheets

Templates

Pens

Tape

Scissors

Exacto knife

cutting mats

Glue

Misc.

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